Periodontal Maintenance, Katy TX
Periodontal diseases are infections of the gums (periodontium), which gradually destroy the support of your natural teeth.
There are numerous disease entities requiring different treatment approaches. Dental plaque is the primary cause of gum disease in genetically susceptible individuals.
Why is oral hygiene so important?
Adults over 35 lose more teeth to gum diseases, (periodontal disease) than from cavities. Three out of four adults are affected at some time in their life. The best way to prevent cavities and periodontal disease is by good tooth brushing and flossing techniques, performed daily.
Periodontal disease and tooth decay are both caused by bacterial plaque. Plaque is a sticky, colorless film, made up of a complex matrix of various harmful bacteria, which sticks to your teeth at the gum line and under the gums. Plaque constantly forms on your teeth. By thorough daily brushing and flossing you can remove these germs and help prevent periodontal disease.
Periodontal diseases can be accelerated by a number of different factors. However, it is mainly caused by the bacteria found in dental plaque. If not removed within the first twelve to twenty-four hours of formation, plaque hardens into a rough, porous substance known as calculus (or tartar). Once the tartar forms, you can not remove it with brushing and flossing. This tartar acts as both a mechanical irritant under the gums and a bacterial irritant. It is important to keep regualr professional maintenance appointments in order to remove any tartar deposits from the teeth and root surfaces.
Other important factors affecting the health of your gums include:
- Clenching and grinding teeth
- Poor nutrition
Bacteria found in plaque produces toxins or poisons that irritate the gums, which may cause them to become inflammed as evidenced by redness, swelling and bleeding. If this irritation is prolonged, the gums separate from the teeth, causing pockets (spaces) to form. As periodontal diseases progress, the supporting gum tissue and bone that holds teeth in place deteriorate. If left untreated, this leads to tooth loss.
Preventing Gum Disease
The best way to prevent gum disease is effective daily brushing and flossing as well as regular professional examinations and cleanings. Unfortunately, even with the most diligent home dental care, people still can develop some form of periodontal disease. Once this disease starts, professional intervention is necessary to prevent its progress.